This study aimed to explore whether vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Meta-analyses were conducted to determine the associations between the VDR FokI, TaqI, and ApaI polymorphisms and SLE in all subjects and each ethnic group. A total of 12 studies were considered in the meta-analysis, which involved 1974 patients and 2506 controls. Meta-analysis of the VDR FokI polymorphism showed no association between SLE and the FokI F allele in all study subjects (OR = 1.047, 95% CI = 0.781–1.403, p = 0.758). However, the meta-analysis showed a significant association between SLE and the VDR FokI F allele in the Arab population (OR = 1.721, 95% CI = 1.417–2.088, p < 0.001). Analysis using the recessive and dominant models and homozygote contrast showed the same pattern for the VDR FokI F allele in Europeans, Asians, and Arabs. This meta-analysis showed that polymorphisms in VDR FokI, TaqI, and ApaI are not associated with SLE susceptibility in overall, European and Asian populations. However, the VDR FokI polymorphism is associated with SLE susceptibility in the Arab population.
- Vitamin D receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas