Vitreous Hyper-Reflective Dots in Optical Coherence Tomography and Retinal Tear in Patients with Acute Posterior Vitreous Detachment

Jong Hyun Oh, Jaeryung Oh, Hyun Cheol Roh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: To report the presence of hyper-reflective dots in the vitreous cavity using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with acute symptomatic posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) and investigate their association with the presence of retinal tear. Methods: The medical records of 77 patients with acute symptomatic PVD, who were examined between March 2013 and February 2015, were reviewed. The severity of vitreous hyper-reflective dots (VHDs) was graded using SD-OCT images, and the presence of retinal tear was assessed. Results: Forty-one (53.2%) eyes had mild VHDs, 13 (16.9%) eyes had moderate VHDs, and 14 (18.2%) eyes had severe VHDs. Retinal tear was found in 21 (27.3%) eyes. The presence of severe VHDs was associated with an increased likelihood of retinal tear (positive likelihood ratio, 9.78; 95% confidence interval, 3.02–31.63). In 14 (66.7%) eyes with retinal tear, the mean number of VHDs significantly decreased from 23.2 ± 20.27 to 2.3 ± 2.66 at a mean follow-up interval of 2.8 ± 1.48 weeks (P = 0.002). Conclusions: The presence of severe VHDs is suggestive of retinal tear in patients with acute symptomatic PVD. However, this SD-OCT finding should be limited to the acute phase of PVD.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1179-1184
    Number of pages6
    JournalCurrent Eye Research
    Volume42
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 3

    Keywords

    • Optical coherence tomography
    • posterior vitreous detachment
    • retinal break
    • retinal tear
    • vitreous hyper-reflective dots

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ophthalmology
    • Sensory Systems
    • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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