Voiding Dysfunction after total mesorectal excision in rectal cancer

Jae Heon Kim, Tae Il Noh, Mi Mi Oh, Jae Young Park, Jeong Gu Lee, Jun Won Um, Byung Wook Min, Jae Hyun Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the voiding dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery with total mesorectal excision (TME). Methods: This was part of a prospective study done in the rectal cancer patients who underwent surgery with TME between November 2006 and June 2008. Consecutive uroflowmetry, post-voided residual volume, and a voiding questionnaire were performed at preoperatively and postoperatively. Results: A total of 50 patients were recruited in this study, including 28 male and 22 female. In the comparison of the preoperative data with the postoperative 3-month data, a significant decrease in mean maximal flow rate, voided volume, and post-voided residual volume were found. In the comparison with the postoperative 6-month data, however only the maximal flow rate was decreased with statistical significance (P=0.02). In the comparison between surgical methods, abdominoperineal resection patients showed delayed recovery of maximal flow rate, voided volume, and post-voided residual volume. There was no significant difference in uroflowmetry parameters with advances in rectal cancer stage. Conclusions: Voiding dysfunction is common after rectal cancer surgery but can be recovered in 6 months after surgery or earlier. Abdominoperineal resection was shown to be an unfavorable factor for postoperative voiding. Larger prospective study is needed to determine the long-term effect of rectal cancer surgery in relation to male and female baseline voiding condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-171
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Neurourology Journal
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep

Keywords

  • Postoperative complications
  • Rectal neoplasms
  • Rectal surgery
  • Urination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Urology

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  • Cite this

    Kim, J. H., Noh, T. I., Oh, M. M., Park, J. Y., Lee, J. G., Um, J. W., Min, B. W., & Bae, J. H. (2011). Voiding Dysfunction after total mesorectal excision in rectal cancer. International Neurourology Journal, 15(3), 166-171. https://doi.org/10.5213/inj.2011.15.3.166