Volume-based analysis of 6-month-old infant brain MRI for autism biomarker identification and early diagnosis

Li Wang, Gang Li, Feng Shi, Xiaohuan Cao, Chunfeng Lian, Dong Nie, Mingxia Liu, Han Zhang, Guannan Li, Zhengwang Wu, Weili Lin, Dinggang Shen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is mainly diagnosed by the observation of core behavioral symptoms. Due to the absence of early biomarkers to detect infants either with or at-risk of ASD during the first postnatal year of life, diagnosis must rely on behavioral observations long after birth. As a result, the window of opportunity for effective intervention may have passed when the disorder is detected. Therefore, it is clinically urgent to identify imaging-based biomarkers for early diagnosis and intervention. In this paper, for the first time, we proposed a volume-based analysis of infant subjects with risk of ASD at very early age, i.e., as early as at 6 months of age. A critical part of volume-based analysis is to accurately segment 6-month-old infant brain MRI scans into different regions of interest, e.g., white matter, gray matter, and cerebrospinal fluid. This is actually very challenging since the tissue contrast at 6-month-old is extremely low, caused by inherent ongoing myelination and maturation. To address this challenge, we propose an anatomy-guided, densely-connected network for accurate tissue segmentation. Based on tissue segmentations, we further perform brain parcellation and statistical analysis to identify those significantly different regions between autistic and normal subjects. Experimental results on National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) show the advantages of our proposed method in terms of both segmentation accuracy and diagnosis accuracy over state-of-the-art results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMedical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2018 - 21st International Conference, 2018, Proceedings
EditorsAlejandro F. Frangi, Christos Davatzikos, Gabor Fichtinger, Carlos Alberola-López, Julia A. Schnabel
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages411-419
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9783030009304
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes
Event21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018 - Granada, Spain
Duration: 2018 Sep 162018 Sep 20

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11072 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other21st International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2018
CountrySpain
CityGranada
Period18/9/1618/9/20

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Keywords

  • Autism
  • Biomarker
  • Diagnosis
  • Infant
  • Segmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Wang, L., Li, G., Shi, F., Cao, X., Lian, C., Nie, D., Liu, M., Zhang, H., Li, G., Wu, Z., Lin, W., & Shen, D. (2018). Volume-based analysis of 6-month-old infant brain MRI for autism biomarker identification and early diagnosis. In A. F. Frangi, C. Davatzikos, G. Fichtinger, C. Alberola-López, & J. A. Schnabel (Eds.), Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2018 - 21st International Conference, 2018, Proceedings (pp. 411-419). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11072 LNCS). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00931-1_47