Vulnerability assessment model for cost efficient anti-terrorism design of super high-rise buildings

Kyung Yeon Kang, Kyung Hoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study is to select architectural design elements of super high-rise buildings to protect them from terrorism using explosives and to develop a vulnerability assessment model which can take into account the relative importance of each design element in anti-terrorism and the supplementary effects among them for achieving cost efficient architectural design. Four layers of defense and 27 architectural design elements were selected and the design elements were categorized into 7 supplementary groups based on their purpose and function. Then, design guidelines for each element were classified into 5 grades on the basis of its protection or risk level. Weights of each element were extracted through an AHP survey by anti-terrorism specialists. The results imply that the vulnerability of high-rise buildings to terrorism would be affected the most by the circumstances of the building and neighborhood, and the modification of heavily weighted design elements for separating unauthorized vehicles from a tower and blocking them outside of the site could be the most efficient design measures to counter terrorism. As a vulnerability assessment model, a bottom-up formula was suggested. To reflect the supplementary effects among design elements in the same group, an evaluation level integration methodology was included.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-420
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • AHP
  • Anti-terrorism
  • Design guideline
  • High-rise building
  • Vulnerability assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Cultural Studies
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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