Waste foundry dust (WFD) as a reactive material for removing As(III) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions

Sunwon Rha, Ho Young Jo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluates the use of waste foundry dust (WFD) as a reactive material for mitigating water pollution using As(III) and Cr(VI) as model contaminants. A detailed structural characterization of WFD was performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Batch removal experiments and kinetic studies for removal of both As(III) and Cr(VI) were conducted at various initial pH values (2–10), concentrations (1–100 mg/L), and solid-to-liquid ratios (2.5–125 g/L). The results show that WFD consisted of small particles (< 30 µm) with magnetic properties, mainly composed of quartz (SiO2) and magnetite (Fe3O4). The maximum removal capacity of WFD was 12.6 mg/g for As(III) at pH 3.0 and 6.1 mg/g for Cr(VI) at pH 5.0. WFD was effective in a wide pH range, from 3.0 to 8.0, and in high concentrations, up to 100 mg/L. WFD removed As(III) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions through complex processes including adsorption, precipitation, and redox reactions by oxidation of Fe(II). The results of this study suggest that WFD can be used as a reactive material for removal of As(III) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125290
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Volume412
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 15

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Arsenic
  • Chromium
  • Redox reaction
  • Waste foundry dust
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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