Wearable fabric supercapacitors using supersonically sprayed reduced graphene and tin oxide

Taegun Kim, Edmund P. Samuel, Chanwoo Park, Yong Il Kim, Ali Aldalbahi, Faisal Alotaibi, Sam S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) decorated with tin oxide (SnO2) is deposited on a fabric via supersonic spraying to produce wearable supercapacitor textiles. rGO improves the electrical conductivity of textiles, while SnO2 provides energy storage capabilities. The synergetic effect of the combination of rGO and SnO2 on the overall electrochemical performance of the supercapacitor was studied by varying the SnO2 concentration. The intermixed rGO flakes and SnO2 nanoparticles enhanced the charge transport within the composite electrode, ultimately improving the overall electrochemical performance. The porous structure of the fabric enables sufficient electrolyte diffusion into the deposited rGO and SnO2, to promote the interfacial activity between the active electrode and electrolyte. The optimal sample exhibited the highest specific capacitance of 1008 mF⋅cm−2 at a current loading of 1.5 mA⋅cm−2, with a capacitance retention of 93% after 10,000 cycles. Stretching and relaxing cyclic tests up to N = 1100 demonstrate the mechanical durability of the wearable supercapacitor. These promising results confirm that supersonic spraying is suitable for producing energy storage devices on wearable fabrics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number157902
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume856
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar 5

Keywords

  • Energy storage device
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Supersonic spraying
  • Tin oxide
  • Wearable fabric supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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