Wet chemical etched CdTe thin film solar cells

Seungju Chun, Seunghun Lee, Younghun Jung, Jong Seong Bae, Jihyun Kim, Donghwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Wet chemical etching process on as-deposited CdTe surface using nitric-phosphoric (NP) acid improved the efficiency of CdS/CdTe solar cells from 10.1% to 13.8%. Nitric-phosphoric (NP) acid solution etched native oxide (TeO 2) layer and resolved excess cadmium on CdTe surface. After the heat treatment process activated the CdCl 2, CdO layer which was believed to be a diffusion barrier of chlorine did not grow on the etched CdTe surface and new (V Cd 2--2Cl Te 1+) 0 complexes was located at E V + 0.045 eV. New (V Cd 2--2Cl Te 1+) 0 complexes acted as a shallow acceptors and induced to improve V oc and J sc. The surface of CdTe thin film has been studied using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and low temperature Photoluminescence (PL).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan


  • CdCl activated heat treatment
  • CdTe thin film solar cells
  • Low temperature photoluminescence (PL)
  • Nitric-phosphoric (NP) etching
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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