White emission using mixtures of CdSe quantum dots and PMMA as a phosphor

Wonkeun Chung, Kwanhwi Park, Hong Jeong Yu, Ji Hyun Kim, Byung H. Chun, Sung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

White light emitting diodes (LEDs) were fabricated using an InGaN 460 nm blue emission LED chip as the excitation source and CdSe quantum dots dispersed in PMMA as the phosphor. CdSe quantum dots were synthesized by the wet chemical method using CdO and Selenium powder as precursors. The three different size, 2.9, 3.4 and 4.3 nm in diameter, of CdSe quantum dots obtained using this method exhibited emission peaks at 555, 580 and 625 nm, respectively with a quantum yield of 10-30%. Mixed phosphors containing different weight ratio of CdSe and PMMA (1:0.1, 1:1, 1:5 and 1:10 wt%) were deposited on the LED chip to investigate the effects of different weight ratios of CdSe and PMMA on the performance of the white LEDs. The fabricated white LEDs that contained CdSe and PMMA weight ratio at 1:10 showed the best performance and the CIE color coordinates varied less with different applied currents. The luminous efficiency of single phosphor (580 nm CdSe) white LEDs was 5.62 lm/W with a CRI of 15.7, whereas the luminous efficiency of dual phosphors (555, 625 nm CdSe) white LEDs was 3.79 lm/W with a CRI of 61.4 at 20 mA. The CIE coordinates of single and dual phosphors white LEDs varied from (0.33, 0.28) to (0.29, 0.26) and from (0.39, 0.33) to (0.39, 0.32), respectively, when the working current ranged from 5 to 80 mA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-521
Number of pages7
JournalOptical Materials
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb 1

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Polymethyl Methacrylate
Phosphors
Semiconductor quantum dots
phosphors
Light emitting diodes
light emitting diodes
quantum dots
chips
Selenium
Quantum yield
selenium
Powders
Color
color
excitation

Keywords

  • CdSe quantum dots
  • Phosphor
  • White emission
  • White LEDs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

White emission using mixtures of CdSe quantum dots and PMMA as a phosphor. / Chung, Wonkeun; Park, Kwanhwi; Yu, Hong Jeong; Kim, Ji Hyun; Chun, Byung H.; Kim, Sung Hyun.

In: Optical Materials, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.02.2010, p. 515-521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chung, Wonkeun ; Park, Kwanhwi ; Yu, Hong Jeong ; Kim, Ji Hyun ; Chun, Byung H. ; Kim, Sung Hyun. / White emission using mixtures of CdSe quantum dots and PMMA as a phosphor. In: Optical Materials. 2010 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 515-521.
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