Objective: White matter (WM) tract-specific changes may precede gray matter loss in isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). We aimed to evaluate tract-specific WM changes using tract-specific statistical analysis (TSSA) and their correlation with clinical variables in iRBD patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional single-center study of 50 polysomnography-confirmed iRBD patients and 20 age- and sex-matched controls. We used TSSA to identify tract-specific fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) in fourteen major fiber tracts and analyzed between-group differences in these values. Correlations between FA or MD values and clinical variables, including RBD symptom severity, depression and cognition, were evaluated. Results: Patients with iRBD showed lower FA in the right anterior thalamic radiation (ATR) and higher MD in the bilateral ATR and right inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus (IF-OF) than controls after adjusting for age, sex, and years of education. MD values in the IF-OF positively correlated with scores on the Korean version of the Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Questionnaire-Hong Kong (RBDQ-KR, p = 0.042) and the Korean version of the geriatric depression scale (GDS-K, p = 0.002) in iRBD patients. Only GDS-K scores independently correlated with IF-OF MD values after adjusting for RBDQ-KR scores (adjusted p = 0.026). Conclusion: This study suggests WM microstructural disruption in the bilateral ATR and right IF-OF in patients with iRBD and that alterations in the IF-OF may contribute to depressive symptoms.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jan|
- REM sleep behavior disorder
- Tract-specific statistical analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cognitive Neuroscience