This study aims to investigate the real indications for low-dose tamsulosin monotherapy for initial treatment.A cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 1643 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and with initial low-dose tamsulosin. Initial pretreatment data including the International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS), prostate volume, and uroflowmetry data were reviewed. After 8 weeks of treatment, post-treatment IPSS and satisfaction was assessed. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate the pretreatment factors influencing post-treatment satisfaction.Overall satisfaction rate with low-dose tamsulosin as an initial treatment medication was 88.7%. Multivariate analysis revealed that symptom durations, IPSS voiding score, IPSS storage score, and quality of life (QoL) were determinant factors for patient satisfaction. ROC analysis revealed that a urinary score > 10 and symptom duration > 3 years showed satisfaction with a sensitivity of 85.8% and 90.6%, respectively, and specificity of 43.5% and 39.8%, respectively. Whereas, ROC analysis revealed that a storage score > 5 and QoL > 3 showed nonsatisfaction with sensitivity of 84.2% and 39.5%, respectively, and specificity of 43.5% and 45.7%, respectively. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that voiding score and storage score had a significant relationship with QoL (unstandardized coefficients: 0.073, 0.145, respectively; P-value: < .001, < .001, respectively).The patient with higher storage scores and higher QoL before treatment could have a higher change of non-satisfaction. Combining treatment with anticholinergics could be considered in these patients.
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