Who loses more? Identifying the relationship between hospitalization and income loss: prediction of hospitalization duration and differences of gender and employment status

Minsung Sohn, Daseul Moon, Patricia O’Campo, Carles Muntaner, Haejoo Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The major determinants of health and well-being include wider socio-economic and political responses to poverty alleviation. To data, however, South Korea has no related social protection policies to replace income loss or prevent non-preferable health conditions for workers. In particular, there are several differences in social protection policies by gender or occupational groups. This study aimed to investigate how hospitalization affects income loss among workers in South Korea. Methods: The study sample included 4876 Korean workers who responded to the Korean Welfare Panel Study (KoWePS) for all eight years from 2009 to 2016. We conducted a receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis to determine the cut-off point for the length of hospitalization that corresponded to the greatest loss of income. We used panel multi-linear regression to examine the relationship between hospitalization and income loss by gender and employment arrangement. Results: The greatest income loss for women in non-standard employment and self-employed men was observed when the length of hospitalization was seven days or less. When they were hospitalized for more than 14 days, income loss also occurred among men in non-standard employment. In addition, when workers were hospitalized for more than 14 days, the impact of the loss of income was felt into the subsequent year. Conclusion: Non-standard and self-employed workers, and even female standard workers, are typically excluded from public insurance coverage in South Korea, and social security is insufficient when they are injured. To protect workers from the vicious circle of the poverty-health trap, national social protections such as sickness benefits are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number232
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Keywords

  • Employment arrangement
  • Hospitalization
  • Income loss
  • Sickness benefits
  • Social protection
  • Workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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