Xenogenization of tumor cells by fusogenic exosomes in tumor microenvironment ignites and propagates antitumor immunity

Gi Beom Kim, Gi Hoon Nam, Yeonsun Hong, Jiwan Woo, Yakdol Cho, Ick Chan Kwon, Yoosoo Yang, In San Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many cancer patients not responding to current immunotherapies fail to produce tumor-specific T cells for various reasons, such as a lack of recognition of cancer cells as foreign. Here, we suggest a previously unidentified method for xenogenizing (turning self to non-self) tumors by using fusogenic exosomes to introduce fusogenic viral antigens (VSV-G) onto the tumor cell surface. We found that xenogenized tumor cells were readily recognized and engulfed by dendritic cells; thereby, tumor antigens were efficiently presented to T lymphocytes. Moreover, exosome-VSV-G itself acts as a TLR4 agonist and stimulates the maturation of dendritic cells, leading to CD8+ T cell cross-priming. The administration of these exosomes in multiple tumor mouse models xenogenized tumor cells, resulting in tumor growth inhibition. The combinatorial treatment with anti-PD-L1 exhibited complete tumor regression (30%) and better long-term overall survival. These results suggest that tumor xenogenization by fusogenic exosomes provides a previously unidentified a novel strategy for cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaaz2083
JournalScience Advances
Volume6
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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