Yolk-Shell-Structured Nanospheres with Goat Pupil-Like S-Doped SnSe Yolk and Hollow Carbon-Shell Configuration as Anode Material for Sodium-Ion Storage

Gi Dae Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rationally nanostructured electrode materials exhibit excellent sodium-ion storage performance. In particular, yolk–shell configurations of metal chalcogenide@void@C are introduced in various synthetic strategies for use as superior anode materials. Herein, yolk-shell-structured nanospheres, with goat pupil-like configuration of S-doped SnSe yolks and hollow carbon shells, are synthesized by salt-infiltration and a simple post-treatment procedure. Impressively, the co-infiltration of thiourea and selenium oxide enables the doping of sulfur into SnSe (SnSeS) and carbon shells, as well as the formation of a goat pupil-like yolk–shell architecture. High-reactivity thiourea-derived H2S gas forms nanocrystals inside the carbon nanospheres. The nanocrystals act as seeds for the crystal growth of SnSeS through Ostwald ripening. The unique yolk–shell structure and composition with a heterointerface provide not only structural stability but also fast electrode reaction kinetics during repeated cycling. The SnSeS@C electrode shows an excellent cycle life (186 mA h g−1 for 1000 cycles at 0.5 A g−1) and rate capability (112 mA h g−1 at 5.0 A g−1).

Original languageEnglish
JournalSmall Methods
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • carbon nanocomposites
  • heterostructures
  • S-doped metal selenide
  • sodium-ion batteries
  • yolk-shell structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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