Yolk-shell structured Y2O3:Eu3+ phosphor powders with enhanced photoluminescence properties prepared by spray pyrolysis

Jung Sang Cho, Kwang Min Yang, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Highly crystalline Y2O3:Eu3+ yolk-shell phosphor powders with enhanced photoluminescence intensity are successfully prepared by spray pyrolysis. The Y2O3:Eu3+ yolk-shell powder is formed directly from each droplet containing yttrium and europium salts and sucrose inside a hot-wall reactor that is maintained at 900 °C. The yolk-shell structure of the phosphor powder is maintained even at a high post-treatment temperature of 1200 °C, exhibiting the maximum photoluminescence intensity. For comparison, a spherical shape Y 2O3:Eu3+ phosphor powder is also prepared by the same procedure but without sucrose during spray pyrolysis. The photoluminescence intensity of the Y2O3:Eu3+ yolk-shell powder is 171% of that of the spherical shape phosphor powder at a post-treatment temperature of 1200 °C. The morphological advantage of a yolk-shell phosphor powder with a core@void@shell configuration inducing higher absorption of excitation light in the structure is attributed to multiple light-reflecting and light-scattering in the interstitial void between the core and the shell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6170-6174
Number of pages5
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 21
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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