YSZ-carbonate dual-phase membranes for high temperature carbon dioxide separation

Howon Ahn, Daeho Kim, Víctor Manuel Aceituno Melgar, Jinsoo Kim, Mohd Roslee Othman, Hoang Viet Phuc Nguyen, Jonghee Han, Sung Pil Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A dense yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ)-carbonate membrane that was impermeable to gas at low temperature became highly permeable to CO2 at temperature above the melting point of the carbonate. The CO2 permeance across the YSZ-molten carbonate dual-phase membrane was observed to be higher than 0.1×10-8mol/m2/Pa/s at temperature >650°C. The movement of ions was promoted at high temperature as YSZ and molten carbonate became highly conductive to oxygen ions and carbonate species, respectively. Addition of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) during preparation of macroporous YSZ support created interconnected pore structures that were found conducive for carbonate infiltration and integration with the membrane materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3703-3708
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep 25

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Membrane
  • Molten carbonate
  • Permeability
  • YSZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Ahn, H., Kim, D., Melgar, V. M. A., Kim, J., Othman, M. R., Nguyen, H. V. P., Han, J., & Yoon, S. P. (2014). YSZ-carbonate dual-phase membranes for high temperature carbon dioxide separation. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 20(5), 3703-3708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.12.069