A two-dimensional (2D) ZnS photonic crystal was deposited on the surface of a one-dimensional (1D) III-nitride micro cavity light-emitting diode (LED), to intermix the light extraction features of both structures (1D+2D). The deposition of an ideal micro-cavity optical thickness of ≈λ/2 is impractical for III-nitride LEDs, and in realistic multi-mode devices a large fraction of the light is lost to internal refraction as guided light. Therefore, a 2D photonic crystal on the surface of the LED was used to diffract and thus redirect this guided light out of the semiconductor over several hundred microns. Additionally, the employment of a post-epitaxy ZnS 2D photonic crystal avoided the typical etching into the GaN:Mg contact layer, a procedure which can cause damage to the near surface.
- Micro cavity light-emitting diode
- Photonic crystal
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)