Zirconia catalysts (ZrO2 and Na-ZrO2) for the conversion of phenethyl phenyl ether (PPE) in supercritical water

Hee Jun Eom, Min Sung Kim, Dae Won Lee, Yoon Ki Hong, Gwangsik Jeong, Kwan Young Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the mesoporous ZrO2 and Na-ZrO2 were examined as heterogeneous solid catalysts under supercritical water for the β-ether bond scission of phenethyl phenyl ether (PPE). Na-ZrO2 was more efficient than ZrO2 in the dissociation of PPE. Yields of phenol and styrene were 39% and 16%, respectively, under 97% PPE conversion when 2.5 wt.% of Na-ZrO2 catalyst was applied to a batch reactor filled with supercritical water (400 °C, 20 bar H2 (initial pressure)) containing 2.5 wt.% PPE. The characterization revealed that the activities of ZrO2 and Na-ZrO2 were closely associated with the textural and acid/base properties of the catalysts. Notably, the reaction pathway and product distribution were determined by the concentration of acid and base sites on the catalyst's surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 5


  • Lignin
  • Na-ZrO
  • Phenethyl phenyl ether
  • Supercritical water
  • β-Ether bond

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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